|The girls’ school was built from the money donated by the banker Wilhelm Schleyer, a citizen of Focsani and a native of Vienna. In 1885 a kindergarten was built upon the initiative and from the donation of Sigismund Gottfried. The professor and author Israel Teller was also active in the town. In 1896 the Great Synagogue is built and next to it – other two smaller temples and a ritual poultry slaughterhouse.
In 1900 Romania suffered from a severe drought following which many Jews of Focsani emigrated to Palestine or America. In the same year the anti-Semitic newspaper
“SANTINELA” (“The Sentinel”) was published under the auspices of the big anti-Semite Titza Pavelescu.
In 1910 a boycott was declared in the town against the Jewish merchants. At that time there were about 245 Jewish merchants out of 600. In Focsani another newspaper, “RATIUNEA” (The Reason) was published, its supporters swearing no to buy anything from the “dirty Jews”.
At the same time the town became a center of Zionist activity. In February 1912
Focsani was visited by Nahum Sokolov accompanied by Jaakov Nacht, to attend the functions held in honor of the 30-th Anniversary of the Zionist Congress in Focsani, 1881.
In 1923 the local newspaper "TORŢA" (“The Torch”) appears, publishing for the Jewish population news from the life of the Community, the education of the youth etc.
In March 1925 the process of the leader of the fascist movement, “Garda de Fier” (“The Iron Guard”), Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, was held in Focsani. During this event, anti-Semitic gangs looted 300 Jewish houses and the schools, while the in Great Synagogue the windowpanes were broken and the furniture ruined.
At about the time when World War Two broke out, in the town were 8 synagogues, two elementary schools, a kindergarten, a surgery and a public bath. The earthquake in November 1940 damaged a few synagogues too. The anti-Semitic leaders of the town, under the pretense that those synagogues are a public danger, destroyed them by mechanical means. Another big synagogue that was almost undamaged was set on fire and the municipal firefighters did not interfere. A few Jews (among which the father of Hary Cohn and the father of Jacques Gheber) heroically rescued the Thora books. During the War, there was a Jewish high-school (8 classes) in the town.
Most of the Jews were taken to forced labor. Anti-Semitism reigned in Focsani and all over the country.